Home Golden Retrievers How Smart Is A Golden Retriever?

How Smart Is A Golden Retriever?


Golden Retrievers have been known to be intelligent dogs. In fact, they are ranked the 4th smartest dogs in terms of working intelligence and obedience, after collie, poodle and German shepherd.

Their athletic, yet friendly nature could be deceptive, but they are very intelligent with a surprising IQ.

Golden retrievers are known to be able to learn over a hundred words and can read human emotions.

Types Of Canine Intelligence

There are three ways in which canine intelligence is measured, namely;

  1. Instinctive Intelligence
  2. Adaptive Intelligence
  3. Working or Obedience Intelligence

Instinctive intelligence, as the name suggests, is inherent in each dog breed right from the first breed. With golden retrievers, it’s their instinctive intelligence to retrieve items, as they were bred to fetch shot birds.

The problem-solving abilities of dogs are what adaptive intelligence is all about. Your golden retriever may be able to open your gates for you or even help sniff out your lost items.

Your golden retriever’s ability to memorize a new command or understand that a particular sign means something is working or obedience. This is usually noticeable when you are training your retriever. Retrievers are naturally quick learners, so they easily grasp commands.

Coren’s Study On How Smart Golden Retrievers Are

Coren run a test on 138 dog breeds to see how smart they were, and golden retrievers came 4th. That’s really impressive!

Coren’s rankings were formulated using observations from Kennel Club obedience trial judges in America and Canada.

He noted that retrievers usually obeyed the first command given more than 95% of the time. They also did not need more than 5 repetitions to understand and obey a command.

Some experts did initially cast doubts on Coren’s results, but have since accepted them as accurately reflective of intelligence patterns in dogs.

Coren later detailed canine personality profiles and put them into 5 categories, where he ranked golden retrievers’ traits as follows;

  1. Intelligence and learning ability – Very High
  2. Sociability – Very High
  3. Emotional Reactivity – Moderately Low
  4. Energy – Moderately Low
  5. Dominance and Territoriality – Very Low

The Two Distinctive Qualities That Make Golden Retrievers Really Smart

Their Retrieving Intelligence

An individual canine breed is selected for its natural competence or ability, which is referred to as instinctive intelligence. In the past, dogs were mostly used as working dogs, but today they are mostly friends.

As an illustration, consider herders, hunters, game retrievers, and guardians (plus more). Australian Shepherds, for instance, are herding dogs with innate intelligence for herding. These dogs have the ability to push and lead sheep in directions based only on instinct from birth. They require little to no human training to perform this.

Given their name, Golden Retrievers in this instance are retrieving and sporting dogs. To be more precise, these dogs were trained to find and bring back downed ducks that had been shot by the hunter.

However, they can recover any kind of little object. If trained, they can however retrieve any kind of tiny game.

They are therefore inherently great at collecting items from water. Therefore, playing catch or fetch or going for a swim are the best activities if you’re seeking for a terrific method to exercise with your Golden. They are incredibly skilled and natural at these activities. They will adore it.

Some Golden Retriever puppies as young as 50 days old have already demonstrated a natural urge to fetch stuff! Despite the fact that each dog is unique, most Golden Retrievers will enjoy retrieving at some point or another. Be patient with them and give them some time.

But why is regaining intelligence a type? Well, if you give it some thought, the capacity to navigate a challenging and muddy terrain requires a type of intelligence. This is what the Goldens have, which only adds to their already-high intelligence.

Their Adaptive Intelligence

Adaptive intelligence, or what a dog can learn to accomplish for himself or herself, is a key component of canine IQ. High adaptive intelligence dog breeds are capable of learning from experiences and are also adept at interpreting context.

A dog with high adaptive intelligence, for instance, might make a mistake (what dog doesn’t? ), but they will still learn from it. They probably won’t repeat it, at least not on purpose. However, this sort of IQ tends to differ between dogs while belonging to the same breed, in contrast to innate intelligence.

Another blatant indicator of a dog’s high adaptive intelligence is its ability to link objects with an appropriate response.

Sometimes, however, your Golden Retriever will equate wearing tennis shoes to going for a stroll, which might not ALWAYS be the case. But sit will undoubtedly discover that shortly, given the dog’s intelligence.

Golden retrievers are also quite good at comprehending their surroundings and different scenarios. As a result, they get along well with everyone and everyone’s pets, including cats.

They also have a high capacity for empathy, giving you tender cuddles and kisses just when you need them. They will be aware of both your happy and exciting moments as well as your down and sad ones. Some dog owners assert that their pets will remain by their side during difficult times.

Another outstanding illustration of these dogs’ remarkable adaptable IQ.

Final Thoughts

Breeds of dogs with high intelligence include golden retrievers. They are not only intelligent but also sociable.

As a result, they are a wonderful addition to the family and are also practical for hunting and aiding others.

They are incredibly dependable and loyal, so you can rely on them for almost anything.

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